Gum recession is a common dental problem that happens gradually. When pockets form between the teeth and the gums, bacteria increases, eventually causing the gum line to wear away and expose more of the tooth. Gum recession can lead to tooth decay, bone, teeth and tissue loss.
What are the symptoms?
While gum recession can go unnoticed, there are a few signs to watch for such as loose or longer teeth, chronic bad breath (halitosis), sensitive teeth, swollen or red gums, and visible gaps between the teeth and gums.
What are the causes?
There are a number of factors that can cause gum recession such as:
- Gum disease: Gum disease is the main cause of gum recession. Increased bacteria in the mouth causes inflammation and infections that destroy gum tissue and bone that hold teeth in place.
- Poor dental hygiene: Not following good dental hygiene practices will cause the bacteria in your mouth to increase. When this happens, the plaque turns into tartar. To avoid this, brush and floss your teeth twice a day and use an antibacterial mouthwash.
- Brushing your teeth too hard: Brushing your teeth too hard or using a hard-bristled toothbrush can cause the enamel on your teeth to wear away causing your gums to recede.
- Genes: If your family has a history of receding gums, you may be predisposed to gum disease.
- Hormones: Fluctuating hormone levels such as puberty, pregnancy, and menopause can cause the gums to be more sensitive making you susceptible to gum recession.
- Tobacco: Cigarettes and chewing tobacco can damage your gums and cause them to recede.
- Diabetes: High diabetic levels can cause bacteria to increase in the mouth which can lead to receding gums.
What is the Treatment?
Catching gum recession in the early stages can slow it down and prevent gum loss before too much damage occurs. If you have just noticed that your gums are receding and your condition is not advanced, Dr. Upadya can offer you a nonsurgical treatment method such as deep cleaning and antibiotics with some special instructions for at home care.
For patients who have more advanced gum recession, we offer a number of treatments including the new micro-invasive Pinhole Gum Rejuvenation technique known as the Lunchtime Gumlift™. Dr. Upadya is one of 150 dentists worldwide trained and certified by Dr. John Chao, the inventor of the Pinhole Surgical Technique. This treatment is an alternative to traditional gum grafting and does not require any cutting or stitches.
Dr. Raj Upadya and the team at Metropolitan Center for Complete Dentistry are available to help you choose the best gum recession treatment option that will improve your oral health and restore your smile. Contact us for a consultation.